Come Visit Us Today at ExploreACES!

Hello all!

If you are heading out to ExploreACES today, be sure to come check out The Soil and Water Conservation Society booth, in room W-121 of Turner Hall! We have some awesome soil stuff to show you guys, and you can learn a little more about our club, and how to join! Here are some pics of what to look out for!IMG_7639IMG_7640IMG_7641IMG_7642IMG_7643

South Korean Soils and the DMZ

South Korean Soils and the DMZ

When most people go hiking they never really think of the northern part of South Korea, right next to if not on the Korean Demilitarized Zone or the DMZ, as the place to do so. But both the US Army and the Republic of Korea, ROK, Army tend to do that quite a bit. One of the main concerns faced by soldiers on the DMZ is not just the threat looming next door, in North Korea, but the soils. That’s right, the soils.

KR2003_SO.jpg

Unfortunately, the soils around the DMZ contain far more than rock, organic matter and random debris. Sadly, the soils often harbor landmines, and other surprises left over from the Korean War. This, in combination with the type of soils found around the DMZ, known as brown earth, and the weather patterns in the Korean peninsula makes for rather dangerous conditions. The brown earth soil tends to leach clay and other minerals as well as becoming easily saturated and slippery, thus allowing for the monsoon season rains to wash out mountain sides and move debris, such as landmines, to the surface of the soil.

Several areas around the DMZ, and in it, are known to contain unexploded ordinance but every monsoon season soldiers take a chance because of the movement of the unstable soil. Landslides, washouts, and other similar events are also prevalent in the Korean mountains.

So, it’s interesting to think about just how soils influence our environment and how deadly they can be, whether that is because of human intervention or because they can cause natural disasters on their own. Respect and caution should be used when dealing with the earth.

KR1000_SO.jpg

References and Further Reading

Soils of Korea: http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/GSP/docs/Presentation_china_feb2012/Hong.pdf

Brown Earth in Japan: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00380768.1988.10415670

Brown Earth in Europe: https://bantrygeography.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/brown-earth-soil1.pdf

Written by Kristina B. Hartley, UIUC, SWCS Treasurer 

 

Letting Soils Solve Sewer Problems

Unknown.jpg

The Soil Science Society of America recently published an interesting article outlining yet another use of soil in today’s infrastructure.

The article reports on Sally Brown, a Professor at the School of Environmental and Forest Services and the University of Washington, encouraging the use of bioretention basins as opposed to the sometimes harmful or expensive process of sewer drainage to rivers and streams.

Bioretention is defined as:  the process in which contaminants and sedimentation are removed from stormwater runoff. Stormwater is collected into the treatment area which consists of a grass buffer strip, sand bed, ponding area, organic layer or mulch layer, planting soil, and plants.

Here are some diagrams and photos of bioretention basins for visualization: VASWMBMPSpec9BIORETENTION_clip_image014.gif

source: www.vwrrc.vt.edu

51d47585-b784-4186-9b3c-73dd2308e069.jpg

source: tourguide.cal.msu.edu

It is easy to see how soils naturally filtering ability would be useful in this situation!

Read the full article at:

https://www.soils.org/discover-soils/story/plants-soil-take-streets

 

by Sabrina Kelch – VP

Check Out Our Bulletin Board!

Hey soil lovers!

The next time you’re in Turner Hall, head up to the 5th floor and check out our new bulletin board right outside the NRES office! You can see cool pictures of past events and get an idea of the fun stuff that we do regularly in the club. You can also find our email on there, so please contact us with any questions, or if you’re interested in joining! For now, here are some pictures of us decorating the board, and the finished product. Go see for yourself!

FullSizeRender-2FullSizeRender-1FullSizeRender

What Happened to the Water in Flint?

As a soil lover myself, we often find this blog highly focused on all things soils when in reality we are the soil and WATER conservation club. Well I think it is time to embrace the water side of our little organization especially because water has been such a hot topic in the news lately, particularly the news of Flint Michigan’s Water Crisis.

Flint_MI

The water crisis in Flint, Michigan is a disaster and means a lot for public health. So how did a city of 100,000 residents live off of lead contaminated water for over a year? And if this has been happening so long, why is this just becoming national knowledge in 2016?

flint water
Citizens in Flint, MI showing the water that comes out of their tap

Follow the story of some of Flint’s residents to get the story below.

http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/what-went-wrong-in-flint-water-crisis-michigan/

 

Wanting to read more on this disaster?

This article on restoringemporwerment.org gives a good description of exactly what went wrong through the failings of governmental organizations.

http://www.restoringempowerment.org/so-whats-the-deal-with-flint-michigan/

Want to help?

What we do know is that this is a terrible injustice that has happened to a mainly impoverished community that was denied what should be a basic right. What can you do to help? Well if you’re at the University of Illinois, the African American Culture Center is hosting a Water Drive on February 1st (Checkout the event here: https://www.facebook.com/events/1393701294270651/).

Below is also some other links you can follow and find out ways to help:

United Way of Genesee County:  Flint Water Fund

GoFundMe campaign: Flint Water Study

The Community Foundation of Greater Flint (CFGF): Flint Child Health and Development Fund

Happy World Soils Day!

GSP_banner_EN.jpgDecember 4th is designated as World Soils Day by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations!

A quote about World Soils Day from the FAO,

“Soils have been neglected for too long. We fail to connect soil with our food, water, climate, biodiversity and life. We mc186827b19.jpgust invert this tendency and take up some preserving and restoring actions. The World Soil Day campaign aims to connect people with soils and raise awareness on their critical importance in our lives.”

In honor the FAO will be celebrating at their headquarters in Rome as well as in their regional offices throughout the world!

The theme this year is,  “Soils a solid ground for life.

This theme is to represent the often forgotten fact that every organism on Earth depends on our soils for life. This includes you! From the food we eat to the ground we live and build our houses on, soils are the foundation for our lives. Because the ecosystem services soils provide such as clean water, nutrient cycles and decomposition are often overlooked, people forget how valuable soils truly are. We often take soil for granted and because of this, degrade our soils with overgrazing and poor agricultural practices.

So in honor of World Soils Day take a minute, before you eat your lunch or dinner, to think of where your food came from and thank soils for all they do.

 
If your looking for more ways to celebrate, the FAO will be holding events all over the globe as an opportunity to come out, have fun and learn about soils!

The closest celebration in our neck of the woods is going to be held at the Institute of Environmental Sustainability, Loyola University Chicago by Dr. Bala Chaudhary.

Follow this link to see more information and the full event list: http://www.fao.org/globalsoilpartnership/world-soil-day/events/en/

Here is a final factoid from the FAO, Enjoy your Friday soil lovers!

“Did you know? Soil is the basis for food, feed, fuel and fibre production and for services to ecosystems and human well-being. It is the reservoir for at least a quarter of global biodiversity, and therefore requires the same attention as above-ground biodiversity. Soils play a key role in the supply of clean water and resilience to floods and droughts. The largest store of terrestrial carbon is in the soil so that its preservation may contribute to climate change adaptation and mitigation. The maintenance or enhancement of global soil resources is essential if humanity’s need for food, water, and energy security is to be met.”

Ogallala Aquifer Initiative

The Ogallala Aquifer Initiative (OAI) recently received $8 million in funding from the USDA to improve water conservation practices across eight states. The eight states include mostly of all Nebraska and sizable sections of New Mexico, Kansas, Colorado, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas, and Wyoming. With the help of the USDA and NRCS, farmers and ranchers will establish sustainable agricultural practices such as the use of cover crops or improving irrigation systems. Practices such as this will aid in tackling water scarcity. For more information, please check out the link below! Also, did you know that the Ogallala Aquifer supplies about 30% of all irrigation water in the U.S.? I bet you want to double click that link now!

http://www.waterworld.com/articles/2015/11/usda-expands-investment-in-water-conservation-improvement-in-nation-s-largest-aquifer.html

Professor Lecture by Dr. Darmody

Hi soil lovers!

This Wednesday, November 11th, join us at 7 PM in Turner Hall room W-109 as NRES Professor Emeritus Dr. Robert Darmody gives a guest lecture to our club! He will be speaking on algific soils of the driftless area and also on several different “grab bag” topics pertaining to soil. Dr. Darmody has been a faculty member here at UIUC since 1981 and has taught several different soil related classes. He currently serves as the teacher and coach of NRES 276 – Soil Judging.

We will be providing free pizza at this lecture! Extra credit is also be offered in NRES 102, NRES 219, NRES 471, and NRES 474 for attending!

We look forward to seeing you at 7 PM this Wednesday in Turner Hall for Dr. Darmody’s guest lecture!

General Meeting November 4th

Happy Monday, soil lovers!

We will be meeting this Wednesday, November 4th @ 6:15 PM in the Turner Hall student lounge! Help us plan for our professor featured lecture taking place next week (November 11th). Dr. Robert Darmody, a soil scientist, has been a faculty member at the University of Illinois since 1981 and taught several classes over that time. He currently serves as the coach and professor of NRES 276 – Soil Judging (that’s the class this club is based from!!). It is sure to be a great lecture, so come this Wednesday to help us plan it!

General Meeting

Wednesday, November 4th

6:15 @ Tuner Hall Student Lounge

See you all then!